Catalytic converters are gadgets installed in your car designed to convert harmful gasses from your exhaust to less toxic pollutants. They do this by catalyzing a redox reaction. The end result is cleaner air for us and the natural environment. Your vehicle will perform better when it has catalytic converters. This reduces the fuel it uses to produce emissions. However, they’re not free of flaws.
Catalytic converters utilize precious metals to carry out chemical conversions that reduce harmful pollutants and byproducts from engine combustion. Since these metals are strong and dependable, they’re unlikely to harm other parts of your car, including the gas tank. Once installed, a catalytic converter captures harmful gases from your car’s exhaust and splits them into carbon dioxide, nitrogen, or oxygen.
Catalytic converters are the most efficient when they are able to receive the exhaust of an engine which is slightly above the stoichiometric limit. The combustion ratio of gasoline, autogas, natural gas is between 14.6 to 14.8 parts air and one part fuel. This ratio differs for oxygenated fuels like ethanol. Alcohol fuels require 34 percent more fuel, and require special tuning and parts for the fuel system.
Despite their importance catalytic converters are a popular target for thieves. Because they contain precious metals, thieves are enticed to take them. Even though they cost as little as $50 each and up, these converters can be worth up to $200 per ounce. The theft of these components is increasing due to the rise in the price of precious metals.
Catalytic converters may become blocked with coolant or oil, in addition to carbon buildup. This hinders the flow of exhaust gas and causes the engine to run slower. It can also cause excessive heat to build up underneath the vehicle. Debris can also cause damage to the catalytic converters. This can result in a decrease in performance and lower fuel efficiency.
Car engines generate three major emissions including carbon dioxide, nitrogen gas, and water vapour. These substances can be eliminated through catalytic converters, which are able to also deal with smaller contaminants. They can also be used to control harmful pollutants like hydrocarbons and carbon monoxide as well as nitrogen oxides. These converters drastically reduce the amount of pollution created by vehicles.
The original catalytic converter was invented by Eugene Houdry in 1950. The fundamental idea behind the catalytic converter is that it is a set of concentric metal tubes within the exhaust system. During this process the exhaust gases are forced to flow through the concentric rings, while clean air is forced in through venturi or ventilation holes. Modern catalytic converters use sixteen platinum catalysts that work in parallel. They are not expensive.
Among the most lucrative ways to dispose of catalytic converters by selling them as scrap. Many junkyards have begun collecting catalytic converters. There are companies that will buy them. They will pay anything between $140 and $1500. This amount has resulted in a spike in the value of the converters.
Although catalytic converters are a crucial part of the exhaust system of a car however, they can also be stolen. They have been snatched by thieves and used for illegal activities. Eugene Houdry, a U.S. patent holder was the first person to patent catalytic converters on May 5, 1950. Houdry later received the patent for his invention on April 6, 1954. In the beginning, catalytic converters were used to separate complex, huge organic compounds out of petroleum.
Catalytic converters are found in all gasoline-powered automobiles. They are available in various sizes and materials. Some of these converters are coated with precious metals, such as palladium and platinum. These precious metals have a high value and attract thieves. These converters cannot be traced when stolen since they lack identifying numbers.
Catalytic converters are important for the environment as they reduce the amount of pollutants released from vehicles. They work by oxidizing carbon fuel into less harmful pollutants. This conversion occurs through a redox reaction. The pollutants are then carried away in the exhaust and then converted into less harmful carbon dioxide or water vapor. They have been a common sight since the introduction of catalytic converters in the mid-1970s.
Catalytic converters are extremely easy to take. They are hidden under your car and secured to the exhaust pipe using bolts. However, thieves are able to steal them with an axe and saw. Thieves can remove the converters in just a few minutes.
know more about how to recycle catalytic converters here.